A Handbook to the Geology of Cambridgeshire
by Frederick Richard Cowper Reed (9780217670654)

A Handbook to the Geology of Cambridgeshire
 
Frederick Richard Cowper Reed
Release Date: 10 December 0140
Format: Paperback
Pages: 74
Category: Geography
ISBN: 9780217670654
ISBN-10: 0217670652



Purchase of this book includes free trial access to www.million-books.com where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: THE PLEISTOCENE DEPOSITS. There is a gap in the geological sequence over this area between the Zone of Micraster cor-testudinarium of the Upper Chalk and the Glacial Drift. The uppermost beds of the Upper Chalk have all been removed by denudation; and all the Tertiary beds are now absent, though some of them may possibly have once spread over the district. The late Pliocene beds which usher in the Glacial Period in the adjoining county of Norfolk and which are so well seen on the coast are completely wanting; and even the earlier glacial deposits are not represented, save possibly by some unimportant local patches of gravel at or near the base of the Boulder Clay. The Pleistocene deposits may be conveniently treated under the following four heads: ? (1) The Glacial Drift including the Boulder Clay and the High Level Gravels. (2) The River Gravels. (3) The Fenland deposits. (4) Recent Alluvium, warp and trail, etc. THE GLACIAL DRIFT. THE BOULDER CLAY. Characters and thickness. In this area the Boulder Clay, which belongs to the Great Chalky Boulder Clay of East Anglia, consists mainly of a dark grey or bluish clay weathering to a drab or brownish colour to the depth of several feet. Locally its colour and contents vary according to the rocks on which it rests or which occur in the vicinity. Thus where it rests on the Chalk it consists mainly of ground-up chalk, and the matrix is therefore very calcareous; but where it lies on the Gault or other clays it is composed of much worked-up argillaceous material and is frequently scarcely distinguishable at first sight from the parent bed. The Boulder Clay however hardly ever shows any stratification. Fragments of hard chalk are usually very abundant, and may be found in it almost everywhere after a little sea...

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