Carl F Eyring
Release Date: 01 March 2007
Copyrighted by Bautck fc Lomb Optical Co. I Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 Separating White ght into Its Coors by Means ofa Prism. Through his extensive NewU became one of the founders of modern optical ex s J ci S enc e. C c ou K r t te t s f y f o f Bausch and Lomb Optical Company, Rochester, N. Y. A Survey Course in Physics by Carl F. Eyring, Ph. D. Professor of Physics, and Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Briybam Young University NEW YORK PRENTICE-HALL, INC 1946 Preface THE orientation of a college student in the modern world cannot be considered complete without some profitable contact with science. Though pfobably not the most important, it is not too much to say that of all the sciences physics is the most fundamental. Yet with the crowded curriculum of the modern college, many students do not find time to elect a full years course in this science It seems, therefore that, a Survey Course in Physics extend ing through one quarter or one semester will meet a need felt especially by the non-science student. This reconnoissance of the field of physics is expected in no way to replace the general coupe for which many splen did texts are written. It is to serve as an orientation course especially for those whose interests lie in the sphere of the humanities. A short course might skim through the field of physics, but this procedure could not possibly exemplify the true spirit of science. It has seemed best to limit the field, thus leaving many important topics untouched. The choice of subject matter, therefore, has involved the personal judgment of the author. Eight years ago A Survey Course in Physics was first produced in trial form, and it has since been used as a text by morethan a thousand students. Out of this experience has grown the conviction that the non-science student is intensely interested in the interpretation of his immediate physical environment. In the present revision, even more than formerly, the human body and its physical environ ment have been taken as the central theme. Thus, bal ance and force of gravity, force and change of motion, energy and hand-tools, heat in relation to body and house hold, the atmosphere of sounds, the world of light and VI PREFACE color, and electrical manifestations are the general topics considered. In certain situations, the course as outlined may require a modification of emphasis. For example, if the majority of the class members are students of literature, speech, music, and art, parts of Chapters V, VI, and VII could be left out and more time be spent on the study of sound and color. On the other hand, if the majority of the class members are interested in the physics of the home, parts of Chapters VIII, IX, X, and XI could be omitted and empha sis be given to the chapters on heat and household physics. Thus, although not written as a textbook on sound and color, or as a household physics text, A Survey Course in Physics, under a proper selection and emphasis of subject matter, may serve these purposes in addition to that of orienting the non-science student. The author is indebted to the scientists of the past and present for the fund of information from which he has freely drawn in building this text. He is grateful to the persons and institutions who have permitted the use of drawings and figures. It is hoped that due recognition and credit have been accorded those responsible for the material used. Theauthor also expresses his gratitude to his colleagues for help and suggestions in the preparation of the manuscript to Mr. Farrell Collett for the interest taken while executing the drawings and to Professor Edward U. Condon, editor of the series of physics books published by Prentice-Hall, Inc., for his valuable suggestions and encouragement. C. F. E. Contents PAGE PREFACE v ILLUSTRATIONS xi CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION 1 Physics and human life. Some achievements of science. A deductive system of discovery...
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