Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory
by Duncan Black MacDonald (9780217202886)

Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory
Duncan Black MacDonald
Release Date: 10 December 0140
Format: Paperback
Pages: 102
Category: Islam
ISBN: 9780217202886
ISBN-10: 0217202888

Purchase of this book includes free trial access to where you can read more than a million books for free. This is an OCR edition with typos. Excerpt from book: CHAPTER III The problem of the Abbasids; the House of Barmak; the crumbling of the empire; the Praetorians of Baghdad; the Buway- hids; the situation of the Khalifa under them; the Saljuqs; the possibilities of development under them; the Mongols and the Abbasid end; the Egyptian Abbasids; the Ottoman Sultans, their heirs; theory of the Khalifate; the modern situation; the signs of sovereignty for Muslims; five grounds of the claim of the Ottoman Sultan; the consequences for the Sultan; other Muslim constitutions; the Shi'ites; the Ibadites; the Wahha- bites; the Brotherhood of as-Sanusi. We must now return to the Abbasids, whose empire we left crumbling away. It was a shrewd stroke of policy on the part of its founder to put the new capital, Baghdad, on the Tigris, right between Persia, Syria and Arabia. For the only hope of permanence to the empire lay in welding these into a unity. For a short time, in the hands of the first vigorous rulers, and, especially, during fifty years of guidance by the House of Barmak?Persians who flung in their lot with the Abbasids and were their stay till the madness of Harun ar-Rashid cast them down? this seemed to be succeeding; but, just as the empire of Charlemagne melted under his sons, so did the empire of al-Mansur and al-Ma'mun. The Bed- awi tribes fell back into the desert and to the free chaos of the old pre-Islamic life. As the great philosophical historian, Ibn Khaldun, has remarked, the Arabs by their nature are incapable of founding an CRUMBLING OF HE EMPIRE empire except when united by religious enthusiasm, and are of all peoples least capable of governing an empire when founded. After the first Abbasids, it is, a fatal error to view the Muslim dynasties as Arab or to speak of the Muslim civilization as Arabian. i The co...

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