Physiology and Pathology of the Urine; With Methods for Its Examination
by John Dixon Mann (9781150582738)

Physiology and Pathology of the Urine; With Methods for Its Examination
John Dixon Mann
Release Date: 21 December 2009
Format: Paperback
Pages: 112
ISBN: 9781150582738
ISBN-10: 1150582731

General Books publication date: 2009 Original publication date: 1904 Original Publisher: Griffin Subjects: Urine Medical / Urology Notes: This is a black and white OCR reprint of the original. It has no illustrations and there may be typos or missing text. When you buy the General Books edition of this book you get free trial access to where you can select from more than a million books for free. Excerpt: INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS. The inorganic constituents of urine comprise certain members of the nun-metallic group of elements -- chlorine, sulphur, phosphorus, carbon, nitrogen, silicon, fluorine, and hydrogen -- the combinations of which with oxygen and hydrogen constitute the urinary inorganic acids, together with certain metals -- sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, and iron -- which fo1m the bases. Urine also contains small amounts of free oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide in the gaseous form. INORGANIC ACIDS. HYDBOOHLORIC ACID. HCI. Hydrochloric acid is present in urine in combination with small amounts of potassium, ammonium, and magnesium, but it occurs most abundantly in combination with sodium. About 7 grms. of chlorine, equal to about 15 grms. of sodium chloride, are excreted daily. Berlioz and Lepinois' and Vitali2 state that a small proportion of the urinary chlorine is present in organic combination; but their methods have been shown to be unreliable by Petit and Ferrat,3 by Ville and Moitessier,4 and by Meillere.5 Eecently, Bruno5 asserts that he has occasionally found a small amount of organic chlorine to be present; it is generally accepted, however, that the presence of organically combined chlorine in urine has not been proved. Chlorine is chiefly introduced into the system in food, especially in the form of common salt; the amount of the condiment that is ingested largely influencing the percentage of sodium chloride present in the urine. When much animal food is eaten, the urinary chlorine, along with...

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